The reserve gets its name from the pench river that flows from north to south through the reserve. The pench river bisects the pench reserve in two equal parts i.e. East pench and West pench. The pench national aprk and tiger reserve extend over an area of 257sq.km in the lower southern reaches of the satpura hill ranges, along the northern boundary of Nagpur district. It was declared as national park by the government of Maharashtra in 1975 and received official status of “Tiger Reserve of India” in February 1999. Recently Masingdeo WLS with an additional area of 182sq.km. is added to the Northern, Western and Southern peripheries comprising of Deolapar, Saleghat and Chorbahuli ranges. As per tiger census of 2014 there are 23 adults and the nearly 10 sub adults or cubs in this area.